Olympe de Gouges - Wikipedia
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Eventually, Marie Antoinette's reputation was no better than that of the favorites of previous kings. On 19 September she appointed her superintendent of her household,   an appointment she soon transferred to her new favourite, the duchesse de Polignac.
Inshe took under her patronage her former music teacher, the German opera composer Christoph Willibald Gluckwho remained in France until The Peace of Teschensigned on 13 Mayended the brief conflict, with the queen imposing French mediation at her mother's insistence and Austria's gaining a territory of at leastinhabitants—a strong retreat from the early French position which was hostile towards Austria.
This gave the impression, partially justified, that the queen had sided with Austria against France. This controversial portrait was considered by her critics to show improperly informal attire for a queen,  whereas a similar portrait in formal dress did not create controversy.
Meanwhile, the queen began to institute changes in court customs. Some of them met with the disapproval of the older generation, such as the abandonment of heavy make-up and the popular wide-hooped panniers . From left to right: Inthe queen played a decisive role in the nomination of Charles Alexandre de Calonnea close friend of the Polignacs, as Controller-General of Financesand of the baron de Breteuil as the Minister of the Royal Householdmaking him perhaps the strongest and most conservative minister of the reign.
Empress Maria Theresa died on 29 November in Vienna. Marie Antoinette feared that the death of her mother would jeopardise the Franco-Austrian alliance as well as, ultimately, herselfbut her brother, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperorwrote to her that he had no intention of breaking the alliance.
Finally, the queen was able to obtain her brother's support against Great Britain in the American Revolution and she neutralized French hostility to his alliance with Russia. On the other hand, both the king and the queen trusted Mme de Polignac completely, gave her a thirteen-room apartment in Versailles and paid her well.
Count Axel von Fersen, after his return from America in Junewas accepted into the queen's private society. There were and still are claims that the two were romantically involved,  but since most of their correspondence has been lost or destroyed, there is no conclusive evidence. As time went on, these came to focus more and more on the Queen.
They described amorous encounters with a wide range of figures, from the duchesse de Polignac to Louis XV. It was publicly suggested that her supposed behavior was learned at the court of the rival nation, particularly lesbianism, which was known as the "German vice". In the queen was busy with the creation of her " hamlet ", a rustic retreat built by her favoured architect, Richard Miqueaccording to the designs of the painter Hubert Robert.
Those on music, often dedicated to her, were the most read, though she also liked to read history. Her stance against the slavery in the French colonies made her the target of threats. Every woman author is in a false position, regardless of her talent".
Gouges was defiant, she wrote "I'm determined to be a success, and I'll do it in spite of my enemies. But the play closed after three performances; the lobby had paid hecklers to sabotage the performances. In Gouges became part of the Society of the Friends of Truthalso called the "Social Club," an association with the goal of equal political and legal rights for women. Members sometimes gathered at the home of the well-known women's rights advocate, Sophie de Condorcet.
Here Gouges expressed, for the first time, her famous statement: She must possess equally the right to mount the speaker's platform. This was followed by her Contrat Social "Social Contract," named after a famous work of Jean-Jacques Rousseauproposing marriage based upon gender equality.
In Paris Gouges was accused[ by whom? When it was staged again in December a riot erupted in Paris. This earned her the ire of many hard-line republicans, even into the next generation—such as the 19th-century historian Jules Micheleta fierce apologist for the Revolution, who wrote, "She allowed herself to act and write about more than one affair that her weak head did not understand. In her letter she argued that he had been duped—that he was guilty as a king, but innocent as a man, and that he should be exiled rather than executed.
After the execution of Louis XVI she became wary of Robespierre 's Montagnard fraction and in open letters criticised their violence and summary assassinations. On 2 Junethe Jacobins arrested prominent Girondinsimprisoned them, and sent them to the guillotine in October.
That piece demanded a plebiscite for a choice among three potential forms of government: When they could not find any in her home, she voluntarily led them to the storehouse where she kept her papers. In the first act only the first act and a half remainMarie-Antoinette is planning defence strategies to retain the crumbling monarchy and is confronted by revolutionary forces, including Gouges herself. The first act ends with Gouges reproving the queen for having seditious intentions and lecturing her about how she should lead her people.
Marie Antoinette - Wikipedia
Both Gouges and her prosecutor used this play as evidence in her trial. In July and AugustBarnave reached the height of his political prominence after 17 July Champ de Mars Massacre weakened the position of the Jacobins. The Feuillants began to lose this political clout by early autumn, when disagreements arose with the growing influence of Jacques Pierre Brissot and his supporters, known as the Girondists.
After the Feuillants opposed war against Austria and the Habsburgsthey were driven out of the Assembly. Barnave's public career came to an end, and he returned to Grenoble at the beginning of His sympathy and relations with the royal family, to whom he had submitted a plan for a counter-revolutionand his desire to check the violence of the Revolution, brought on him suspicion of treason. On 28 November, he appeared before the Revolutionary Tribunal. He was condemned for treason on the evidence of papers detailing his extensive clandestine correspondence with Marie Antoinette discovered in Louis XVI's armoire de fer at the Tuileries Palace.
It was in this setting that Barnave first met queen Marie Antoinette. Though their initial interactions were marked by Barnave's shy attempts to avoid eye contact, the queen was soon able to charm the twenty-nine-year-old politician and earn his favor. On the journey back to Pais, the two were reported to have been seen conversing intently on several occasions within the carriage, and near the rest stops.
Purportedly, the subject of these conversations included Barnave and the rest of the Feuillants' fervent belief that a constitutional monarchy was the most viable solution for ending the revolution with a minimum of further bloodshed.
Much evidence indicates that, because her closest friends, including Count von Fersenwho had organized the flight from Paris, were absent, Marie Antoinette was attempting to influence Barnave and his fellow Feuillants as a way to ensure her family's safety. She may also have dared to hope that it was still possible to reinstate some form of the former monarchy. Barnave was, quite clearly, taken by the queen's charm and waited for her to call on him when she was in grave circumstances.
A few weeks later, in early JulyMarie Antoinette wrote to Barnave the first of a long series of cryptic letters. Referring to him by a code name, Barnave received his letters through an unknown similarly codenamed intermediary.
Her instructions were that her letter be read while the intermediary stood by to accept a reply. He then would return both documents to the queen. She herself never wrote any of the letters; instead, she dictated them so as to avoid embarrassing, and possibly incriminating, documentation.
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Barnave pursued the Queen's support of furthering his political agenda of establishing a constitutional monarch.